Newsletter- Job Growth Defies Expectations

What to Look for This Week
Crucial inflation reports are ahead, starting with September’s Producer Price Index on
Wednesday, which will give us news on wholesale inflation. Look for the Consumer
Price Index on Thursday.
Also of note, Tuesday brings the NFIB’s report on confidence among small business
owners for last month while the latest Jobless Claims will be reported on Thursday.
Investors will also be closely watching Wednesday’s 10-year Note and Thursday’s 30-
year Bond auctions for the level of demand.
Plus, the minutes from the Fed’s latest meeting will be released on Wednesday and
these always have the potential to move the markets.
Technical Picture
Mortgage Bonds ended last week sitting on support at 97.67. If this level holds, there is
room for improvement before reaching the next ceiling at 98.072. The 10-year ended
last week around 4.80% after rising as high as 4.875%.
Week of October 2, 2023 in Review
September brought a blowout job creation number from the Bureau of Labor Statistics,
but is the labor sector as strong as that data suggests? Meanwhile, appreciation reports
show that home prices are reaching new record highs. Here are last week’s headlines:
  • -Soaring September Job Growth Defies Expectations
  • -Private Payrolls at Weakest Pace in Almost Three Years
  • -Job Openings a Surprise “JOLT” Higher
  • -Tame Unemployment Claims a Contrast to Job Cuts
  • -More Record Highs for Home Prices


Soaring September Job Growth Defies Expectations
 BLS Report
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported that there were 336,000 jobs created in
September, nearly double the forecasted amount and the highest since January.
Revisions to July and August also added 119,000 jobs (all government) in those months
combined. The unemployment rate held steady at 3.8%, just above the expected
decline to 3.7%.

What’s the bottom line? There are two reports within the Jobs Report and there is a
fundamental difference between them. The Business Survey is where the headline job
number comes from, and it's based predominantly on modeling and estimations. The
Household Survey, where the Unemployment Rate comes from, is considered more
real-time because it’s derived by calling households to see if they are employed.
The Household Survey has its own job creation component, and it told a completely
different story, only showing 86,000 job creations. September’s report also showed
sizeable increases in multiple job holders (+123,000) and part-time workers (+151,000),
while full-time workers fell by 22,0000, suggesting some softening in the job market and
economy overall.
Remember, the Fed has been hiking its benchmark Fed Funds Rate (which is the
overnight borrowing rate for banks) to try to slow the economy and curb inflation. They
have been looking for clear signs that the labor market is softening as they consider
further rate hikes. Despite some underlying weakness in the data, the strong headline
job number raises the risk of another rate hike at the Fed’s next meeting on November 1.
Private Payrolls at Weakest Pace in Almost Three Years

 ADP Report

ADP’s Employment Report showed that private payrolls were weaker than forecasted in
September with just 89,000 jobs created, marking the slowest pace of growth since
January 2021. While job gains were reported among small and mid-sized businesses,
large businesses with 500+ employees shed 83,000 jobs. Among the various sectors,
leisure and hospitality was by far the strongest, adding 92,000 jobs, though these gains
were offset by losses seen in manufacturing, trade/transportation/utilities, and
professional/business services.
What’s the bottom line? “We are seeing a steepening decline in jobs this month,” said
Nela Richardson, chief economist for ADP. “Additionally, we are seeing a steady decline
in wages in the past 12 months.” On that note, annual pay for job stayers increased
5.9% and job changers saw an average increase of 9.0%. These figures have cooled
considerably from last year’s highs of 8% for job stayers and 16% for job changers,
which is significant because it suggests lower wage-pressured inflation.

Job Openings a Surprise “JOLT” Higher
The latest Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) showed that job openings
rose from 8.92 million in July to 9.61 million in August. This was an unexpected move
higher, as job openings had been declining every month since April. Professional and
business service positions accounted for a large share of openings.
What’s the bottom line? Despite the monthly increase, job openings are down almost
6% when compared to the same time last year. Plus, the reported total for this August is
likely overstated. The increase in working from home means job listings are being
posted in multiple states more frequently. As a result, they’re being overcounted in the
JOLTS total.
The Fed also follows this report closely for signs of labor sector weakness. Will they
look deeper than the headline figure as they consider further rate hikes?
Tame Unemployment Claims a Contrast to Job Cuts
Initial Jobless Claims rose by 2,000 to 207,000 in the latest week, with the number of
people filing for unemployment benefits for the first time continuing to hover near eight-
month lows. The low level of first-time filings suggests that employers are holding on to
Continuing Claims fell by 1,000, reaching the lowest level since January, with 1.664
million people still receiving benefits after filing their initial claim. This data has been
trending lower since topping 1.861 million in early April, reflecting a mix of people
finding new jobs and benefits expiring.
What’s the bottom line? The low level of unemployment claims paints a much different
picture than the latest Job Cuts report from Challenger, Gray & Christmas, which
showed that job cuts year-to-date are the highest January to September total since
2009 (except for COVID in 2020). Again, we’ll find out how the Fed responds to the
mixed labor sector data at their meeting on November 1.
More Record Highs for Home Prices
CoreLogic’s Home Price Index showed that home prices nationwide rose 0.3% from
July to August, hitting a new all-time high for the fourth straight month.
CoreLogic forecasts that home prices will rise 0.2% in September and 3.4% in the year going
forward, though their forecasts tend to be on the conservative side historically. In fact,
CoreLogic’s index is on pace for just over 8% appreciation in 2023, based on the
monthly readings we’ve seen so far this year.
Black Knight also reported that national home values rose 0.7% in August, with their
index also showing new all-time highs in home values for the fourth month in a row.
Home prices are now 2.5% above the 2022 peak in Black Knight’s index, which is also
on pace for 8% appreciation this year based on the monthly gains we’ve seen to date.
What’s the bottom line? The latest rise in home prices reported by CoreLogic and
Black Knight echo the strong growth seen by Case-Shiller, Zillow and the Federal
Housing Finance Agency. These reports continue to demonstrate why homeownership
remains a good opportunity for building wealth through real estate.


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