Interest Rate Daily September 26th-30th Current Bias Carefully Floating & Weekly Review

Interest Rate Daily September 26th-30th Current Bias Carefully Floating & Weekly Review


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Monday September 26th, 2022


7:37 am Mortgage Bonds are starting the day down 67 BP (Price Down Yield Up). The 10 year treasury is up 8 BP to 3.7810%. The 10 year closed at 3.697%.


2:34 PM Mortgage Bonds are down 136 BP (Price Lower Yield Higher)

2:43 PM 10 year Treasury 3.888% up 19 BP


This is one of the worst days on the market that I have seen in 35 years.


Tuesday September 27th, 2022


7:30  AM  Previous 0.2 Predicted 0.2 Actual 0.2


9:00 AM The Case-Shiller Home Price Index, which tracks the changes in the value of residential Real Estate across the US was reported for the month of July. The National Index, which covers all nine U.S. Census divisions, reported a 16.1% annual gain in July, down from 18.7% in June.


The FHFA (Federal Housing Finance Agency) House Price Index, which measures home price appreciation on single-family homes with conforming loan amounts, decreased by 0.6% in July, which was below expectations of a 0.1% gain, and decreased by 2.4% year over year from the previous revised report of 16.3% to 13.9%


9:02 AM Stocks have started the day higher. The Dow is +213.51 at 29,474.32 and the S&P 500 is +35.31 at 3,690.35. Mortgage Bonds are -9bp at 96.45.


9:10 AM New Home Sales, which measures signed contracts on new homes, increased by 28.8% in August at a 685,000 unit annualized pace. July's figure was revised higher to 532,000 from the previously reported 511,000 units. The inventory of new homes on the market increased by 0.4% to 461,000, while the median new home price decreased by 6.3% to $436,800.


11:33 AM  At mid-day stocks are lower. The Dow is -182.66 at 29,078.15 and the S&P 500 is -19.33 at 3,635.71. Mortgage Bonds are -2bp at 96.53.


Market Rap Mortgage Bonds ended the day up 64 BP. (Price UP Yield Down)  Maybe we have hit bottom.  We will continue our locking bias.  10 year Treasury is 3.949$ Up 7 BP.  Hopefully this is the top of the 10 yr


Market Rap Mortgage Bonds ended the day up 64 BP. (Price UP Yield Down)  Maybe we have hit bottom.  We will continue our locking bias.  10 year Treasury is 3.949$ Up 7 BP.  Hopefully this is the top of the 10 yr.


Wednesday September 28th, 2022


7:41 AM The Mortgage Bankers Association released their Mortgage Application Data for the week ending 9/23, showing that overall application volume decreased by 3.7%. Applications to Purchase a home were down 0.4% for the week and down 29% year over year. Refinances decreased by 10.9% from the previous week and were 84% lower from one year ago.

8:10 AM Mortgage Bonds are up 56 BP (Price Up Yield Down)  We are considering moving to a floating bias, but we will stick to locking until we see a trend. 


8:11 AM 10 year Treasury is down 12 bp to 3.8480%


8:30 AM Stocks have started the day higher. The Dow is +105.93 at 29,240.92 and the S&P 500 is +8.65 at 3,655.94. Mortgage Bonds are +58bp at 97.77.


9:02 AM Pending Home Sales, which measures signed contracts on existing homes, decreased by 2% in August, which was lower the expected 1.4% decrease.


11:30 AM At mid-day stocks are sharply higher. The Dow is +391.88 at 29,526.87 and the S&P 500 is +50.29 at 3,697.58. Mortgage Bonds are +50bp at 97.69.

4:31 Mortgage Bonds now up 84 BP.  (Price up Yield Down) 10 year Treasury down 23 BPs to 3.733%. We are Now Changing our BIAS to Carefully Floating.


Thursday September 29th, 2022


7:30 AM The final reading on GDP came in -0.6% for the 2nd month in a row.  Two months of negative GDP has been called a recession since 1947.  We will wait on the NBER (National Bureau of Economic Research) to tell us what they think. Initial Jobless Claims came is -16,000  to 193,000 the lowest we have seen in 5 months.

A word from Freddie Mac Mortgage Rates Rise for the Sixth Consecutive Week

The uncertainty and volatility in financial markets is heavily impacting mortgage rates. Our survey indicates that the range of weekly rate quotes for the 30-year fixed-rate mortgage has more than doubled over the last year. This means that for the typical mortgage amount, a borrower who locked-in at the higher end of the range would pay several hundred dollars more than a borrower who locked-in at the lower end of the range. The large dispersion in rates means it has become even more important for homebuyers to shop around with different lenders.

Primary Mortgage Market Survey US Weekly averages as of 9/29/22

                      Rate    Fees/ Points    From last week  From last year

30 Yr FRM         6.70%      0.91%        +0.41%               +3.69%

15 Yr FRM         5.96%      1.30%        +0.52%                +3.68%

5 Yr ARM           5.30%       0.40%         0.33%                  +2.82%

Market Wrap Mortgage bonds ended Down 56 BP (Price Down Yield Up).  The 10 ended up 7 BP to close at 3.7820%.  Bias Floating Carefully

Friday September 30th, 2022

7:30 AM Headline PCE inflation for August increased by 0.3%, which was above expectations of 0.1%, and decreased by 0.2% to 6.2% year over year, matching the estimate. Core PCE increased by 0.6% month over month, exceeding expectations of 0.5%, and increased by 0.2% to 4.9% year over, opposing estimates of no gain.


Core Personal Consumption expenditures  Personal Consumption Expenditures

Month over Month 0.3% expected 0.3% previous -0.1%

Year over Year      6.2% expected 6.6% previous 6.4%

Core Personal Consumption expenditures The Fed’s favorite inflation indicator.  

Month over Month 0.6% expected 0.5% previous 0.0%

Year over Year      4.9% expected 4.7%  previous 4.7%


7:52 AM

Mortgage Bonds up 36 BP (Price up Yield Down)

10 year Treasury down 6 BP 3.6900%

Bias Floating Carefully


Week in Review


Newsletter - 10/3/2022

Week of September 26, 2022 in Review

It was a roller coaster week in the markets, filled with reports on inflation, GDP, home sales and home price appreciation. Here are the key details:

-Consumer Inflation Remains Elevated

-Signed Contracts on Existing Homes Fall for Third Straight Month

-New Home Sales Surprise in August

-Annual Home Price Appreciation Declining But Still Strong

-GDP Negative for Two Consecutive Quarters

-Labor Market Remains Tight

Consumer Inflation Remains Elevated

The Fed’s favorite measure of inflation, Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCE), showed that inflation rose 0.3% in August, which was higher than expectations. The year over year reading declined from 6.4% to 6.2%. Core PCE, which strips out volatile food and energy prices, rose by 0.6% with the year over year change rising from 4.7% to 4.9%.

What’s the bottom line? Note that when the Fed says they want to see inflation fall to around 2%, they are talking about annual Core PCE, which is now at 4.9% and quite a bit higher than the Fed’s target. But there is some hope that inflationary pressures could begin easing. There have been reports of over-inventories from companies, which could lead to lower costs for some goods.

Plus, inflation is calculated on a rolling 12-month basis, which means that the total of the past 12 monthly inflation readings will give us the year over year rate of inflation. For example, when the data for August 2022 was released last week, it replaced the data for August 2021 in the calculation of annual inflation. Inflation readings after September of last year are higher comparisons, so if we see lower monthly readings this fall, the annual rate of inflation could then move lower.


Signed Contracts on Existing Homes Fall for Third Straight Month

 pending home sales (5)

Pending Home Sales fell 2% from July to August, which was in line with expectations and marks the third consecutive monthly decline. Sales were also 24.2% lower than they were in August of last year. This is a critical report for taking the pulse of the housing market, as it measures signed contracts on existing homes, which represent around 90% of the market.

What’s the bottom line? Lawrence Yun, chief economist for the National Association of Realtors, noted that the sharp rise in mortgage rates we’ve seen this year have impacted contract signings. He added, "If mortgage rates moderate and the economy continues adding jobs, then home buying should also stabilize." Yun also noted that home prices have been supported by low housing inventory and almost non-existent distressed property sales, and he forecasts that prices will rise by 9.6% in 2022.

New Home Sales Surprise in August

 New Homes Sales v2

New Home Sales, which measure signed contracts on new homes, rose 29% from July to August to a 685,000-unit annualized pace, coming in much stronger than the 6% decline expected. There was also a positive revision to the July reading. Sales were essentially flat when compared to August of last year when there were 686,000 signed contracts.

The median home price for new homes was $436,800, which was a decline from July, but remember this is not the same as appreciation. It simply means half the homes sold were above that price and half were below it, so the decline could reflect more signed contracts on lower-priced homes in August.

What’s the bottom line? Buyers flooded the new home market in August since the supply of existing homes on the market remains tight. Many homeowners do not want to sell their homes if moving would mean a much higher interest rate on a new loan.

There were 461,000 new homes for sale at the end of August, which equates to an 8.1 months’ supply. However, only 49,000 or 10.6% were actually completed, with the rest either not started or under construction. The amount of completed homes equates to less than one month’s supply, well below the six months’ supply that is considered representative of a balanced market.


Annual Home Price Appreciation Declining But Still Strong

 case shiller hpi (8)

The Case-Shiller Home Price Index, which is considered the “gold standard” for appreciation, showed home prices fell 0.3% in July but they were 15.8% higher when compared to July of last year. This annual reading is a decline from the 18.1% gain reported in June but still strong.

The Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) also released their House Price Index. This report measures home price appreciation on single-family homes with conforming loan amounts, which means it most likely represents lower-priced homes. Home prices fell 0.6% from June to July but they rose 13.9% from July of last year. This is a decline from the 16.2% annual increase reported in June, but again still solid on an annual basis.

What’s the bottom line? While Case-Shiller’s national index did show a month over month decline, the majority of the decline was seen in a few large cities and it was not widespread. For example, San Francisco, Seattle, San Diego, Los Angeles and Denver all showed steep declines from June to July, but they were also some of the cities that saw large price gains when compared to July of last year. 

GDP Negative for Two Consecutive Quarters

The final reading of second quarter GDP came in at -0.6%, which was in line with estimates and the same as the second reading. It’s now confirmed that we have had two consecutive quarters of negative GDP, with -1.6% in the first quarter and -0.6% in the second quarter.

What’s the bottom line? Since 1947 a recession has been called every time we have seen two consecutive quarters of negative GDP. The National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) has not yet classified this as an official recession, as they want to see economic contraction that meets their three criteria of depth, duration and diffusion. However, given the lag time for releasing economic data, they often officially announce a recession looking backwards months after it began.

In addition, the Atlanta Fed has revised their estimates for third quarter GDP significantly lower, from 2.6% a month ago to just 0.3%. If third quarter GDP ends up negative as well, it would certainly be hard for the NBER to ignore three consecutive quarters of negative GDP as they’re making a determination about recession.


Labor Market Remains Tight

 jobless claims (24)

The number of people filing for unemployment benefits for the first time fell by 16,000 in the latest week, as 193,000 Initial Jobless Claims were reported. This is the lowest level since May and the previous week’s filings were also revised lower by 4,000. Continuing Claims, which measure people who continue to receive benefits after their initial claim is filed, also decreased by 29,000 to 1.347 million.

What’s the bottom line? These are extraordinarily low numbers in the face of productivity and GDP being down along with elevated inflation and the unemployment rate moving higher. This could be a sign that employers are reluctant to let go of workers for fear of not being able to replace them.

Family Hack of the Week

These Spiced Pumpkin Raisin Cookies courtesy of our friends at the Food Network make for a perfect fall-flavored treat.

Preheat oven to 350 degrees Fahrenheit. Line 2 heavy large baking sheets with parchment paper.

In a medium bowl, combine 1 cup all-purpose flour, 2/3 cup old-fashioned oats, 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon, 1/2 teaspoon baking soda, 1/2 teaspoon salt and 1/4 teaspoon allspice. In a large bowl, whisk together 3/4 cup raw sugar, 1/2 cup pumpkin puree, 1/3 cup vegetable oil, 1 tablespoon pure maple syrup and 1 teaspoon pure vanilla extract.

Using a rubber spatula, gradually stir dry ingredients into wet ingredients. Stir in 1/2 cup raisins.

For each cookie, spoon 1 tablespoon of batter onto baking sheet, spacing cookies about 1 inch apart. Use moistened fingertips to flatten each cookie to a 2-inch round diameter. Sprinkle each cookie with a bit more raw sugar.

Bake until cookies brown and are a bit firm to touch, approximately 17 to 20 minutes. Use a metal spatula to transfer to a wire rack and cool completely.

What to Look for This Week

We’ll get more news on home price appreciation when CoreLogic releases their Home Price Index report for August on Tuesday. Then, reports from the labor sector will dominate the headlines, beginning on Wednesday with ADP’s new Employment Report which will give us an update on private payrolls for September. The latest Jobless Claims data will be reported on Thursday while Friday brings the Bureau of Labor Statistics Jobs Report for September, which includes Non-farm Payrolls and the Unemployment Rate.

Technical Picture


After a highly volatile week, Mortgage Bonds declined sharply Friday following the hotter than anticipated PCE report. They tested support at 97 but managed to close above it. The 10-year ended last week at 3.82% after breaking above an important ceiling at 3.785%.



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