How To Get a Credit Card US News & World Report (See article below)
Your credit history is an important factor issuers consider when you apply for a credit card. But if you're among the 62 million Americans who, according to Experian, don't have enough credit history to generate a credit score, getting approved for a card may be a challenge. The big question is, can you get a credit card with no credit?
Fortunately, you have options. You can:
Get a student credit card
Get a secured credit card
Get a retail credit card
Consider alternative credit card
Become an authorized user.
Read on to learn about the effect your credit history has on credit card approvals, how credit-building cards can help and how to get a credit card with no credit history.
[ READ: Best Starter Credit Cards. ]
How Does Your Credit History Affect Credit Card Approval?
Your credit report is like a report card for your finances. Your credit score is a three-digit number based on factors from your credit report, like how good you are at paying bills on time and how much debt you're carrying compared with your credit limits.
When credit card companies review your credit history, they're focusing on specific factors that influence your FICO credit score:
Your payment histor
Length of your credit history
Income is also considered, as credit card companies want to make sure you can repay what you charge. They'll also see if you're younger than 21. The Credit CARD Act of 2009 requires card applicants younger than 21 to show proof of income if they don't have a co-signer.
Having no credit history isn't necessarily an automatic barrier to getting a credit card.
"Credit card issuance is not as difficult or ominous as many make it out to be," says Jim Angleton, president and CEO of Aegis Finserv Corp., a business and financial consulting firm. Angleton says factors that can work in your favor include your income, employment history, and having a checking and savings account in good standing.
Together, they can demonstrate to credit card issuers that you have the ability to pay your bills and have experience managing your money.
Angleton says it's possible to improve card terms by establishing good credit habits. "The important factor for all card applicants to understand is a term used in the industry: 'pays as agreed,'" he says. "This is how you build very good credit when you pay on time."
Paying on time every time could result in your card issuer automatically increasing your credit limit. You may also be able to successfully request a higher credit line once you've established a positive payment history. Be prepared to give your credit card company your latest income information, as that can also weigh in the balance for card limit increases.
[ READ: Best Student Credit Cards. ]
What Is the Easiest Credit Card to Get With No Credit?
When applying for a credit card with no credit history, the type of card matters. "There's a credit card out there for almost anyone who can responsibly handle it, with approval criteria geared to the type of card and the person's situation," says Neal Stern, certified public accountant and member of the American Institute of CPAs' Financial Literacy Commission.
Here are some options if you have no credit history or your credit file is limited:
Student credit cards. This type of card is offered to college students who may be new to credit. They may have student-friendly terms, such as rewards and no annual fee. Student credit cards may help you build credit by offering you access to your FICO credit score, for example.
Secured credit cards. These cards require a security deposit, often equal to the credit line, to open the account. The deposit is held as collateral in case of cardholder default. Secured cards are designed for people with bad credit as well as people with no credit. They offer a way to rebuild credit or build it for the first time.
Secured credit cards, like other credit cards, are revolving credit, which means your balance can fluctuate from month to month as you make new charges or payments. Stern says using revolving credit is an easy way to build credit if you're regularly making timely payments.
If you're considering a secured card, pay attention to the fees and purchase APR so you understand the cost. It's also important to be sure that the card reports your account activity to the credit bureaus; otherwise, you won't get credit for good habits, like making on-time payments.
Retail credit cards. Also known as store credit cards, these cards are offered by a particular retailer. They often have low barriers to approval, allowing retailers to encourage consumer loyalty, so it may be possible to qualify for a retail credit card with no credit. But it's not a sure thing. If you are approved, you're likely to be subject to an above-average APR and a low credit limit.
[ READ: Best Secured Credit Cards. ]
Alternative credit cards. Innovations in financial technology are creating new ways to qualify for a card. For example, Petal Card and Deserve cards consider alternative approval criteria, including your banking history.
Neither requires a credit history to apply but will review your credit if you have a file. Essentially, being approved hinges on having a bank account to show that you have regular income and can meet your expenses. Stern says these cards can be a good option for consumers with an otherwise strong financial standing but no credit history.
Angleton says the APR could be high for some cardholders who are considered more of a risk. Paying the balance in full each month is a safe way to avoid paying interest charges, but it requires some discipline when it comes to spending. You should only spend what you can pay off by the end of the grace period.
Are There Other Options for Building Credit?
There are many ways to build credit. Credit-builder loans, reporting rent to the credit bureaus and becoming an authorized user on a credit card are a few options. Of these, authorized user status may be the most appealing to consumers without a credit history.
Becoming an authorized user on another person's credit card account is a simple way to get access to credit with no credit history. Authorized user accounts show up on your credit history and can improve your score if the account is paid on time and there's a low credit utilization rate. You don't have to use the card to benefit from the primary cardholder's credit habits, and you're not legally responsible for the card's balance.
Of course, if the cardholder falls behind on his or her payments or runs up a big balance, any negative impacts could trickle down to your credit history. While you could build credit quickly, it's important to understand the risk you may be taking on. If you're considering becoming an authorized user, work on improving your score enough to level up to a starter credit card in your own name sooner rather than later. Generally, that means getting to the fair credit level, which is a FICO credit score of 580 or higher.
Every credit card has its own criteria and every person's situation is unique. Any of the options outlined above could put you on a path toward credit-building, so weigh your options to decide which card is right for you and your situation.
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